Critical and Scientific Thinking

A Short Introduction

by Michael Vlerick

“Critical thinking is one of the biggest hiatuses in our education system. Learning to distinguish sense from nonsense is of great importance in the information age that we live in. In a systematic way, this book helps you to gain insight into, and subsequently eliminate, the most important reasoning errors that we all tend to make. It also helps you to debunk weak and fallacious arguments and unreliable information.

In addition to understanding what critical and scientific thinking entails, you will learn more about what makes science reliable. In times of skepticism regarding science, where (sometimes dangerous) pseudoscientific and conspiracy theories run rampant, this is particularly important.

Critical thinking is not a matter of intellectual preference or even self-interest (although one certainly benefits from thinking critically). It is first and foremost a matter of moral and social responsibility. Better thinking leads to a better world. With this book I hope to contribute to that important goal and you, dear student or reader, can do the same!”

- Michael Vlerick


  • rights
    This book and all material included in it are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which means that you are free to copy and distribute this work in any medium or format, granted that you a) give appropriate credit to the author (see above) and b) do not use the material for commercial purposes.

    For more information, see

  • isbn
  • publisher
    Open Press Tilburg University
  • publisher place
    Tilburg, The Netherlands
  • restrictions
    CC BY-NC 4.0
  • rights holder
    Michael Vlerick (2022)
  • doi

Published by Open Press Tilburg University,
Tilburg, the Netherlands

Typesetting & design by Thomas F. K. Jorna,
Cover by Mor Lumbroso and Thomas F. K. Jorna,
Organization and online publication by Violet Zagt and Thomas F. K. Jorna,
Publishers of Trial and Error